Senate and House Republicans vowed Tuesday to redress what House Minority Leader Jason Buckel, R-Allegany, called Maryland’s “soft on crime policies” with a 2024 public safety agenda that would intensify punishment for adults accused of gun-related and violent crimes and reverse reforms to the youth legal system passed by the General Assembly in 2022.
“The crime we’re seeing in our communities is not anecdotal, nor media manufactured,” said Senate Minority Leader Stephen Hershey, R-Kent, Queen Anne’s, Cecil and Caroline. “It is real. The violence is real. And we are pleading with our Democrat colleagues to join us in making it their priority as well.”
The package would increase penalties for gun theft and violent firearms offenses, authorize law enforcement to search vehicles based on the smell of cannabis alone and limit eligibility for bail or reduced sentences for those charged with or convicted of violent crimes.
One proposal would make theft of a firearm a felony — a measure Republicans have sponsored without success since 2018. Another would increase prison time and maximum fines for crimes committed with illegal firearms and would remove the “drug dealer loophole” whereby drug dealers receive a lighter sentence for possessing weapons than others committing similarly weighted offenses.
A measure would eliminate reduced prison time for good behavior for those convicted of first or second degree murder, cap such reductions for other crimes of violence and prohibit bail for those accused of a crime of violence while facing pending violent crime charges.
Republicans said they seek to aid law enforcement in taking more illegal guns off the street by again authorizing officers to stop and search vehicles due to the smell of cannabis alone.
House and Senate Democratic leaders could not be reached to comment on the likelihood that the proposals in the package will clear Democratic majorities in both chambers.
The youth justice proposal would require under-13 youth to appear before a juvenile court upon arrest for crimes involving firearms and broaden the juvenile court’s jurisdiction to include youth on their third arrest for nonviolent crimes, including auto thefts. It would also allow police to interrogate youth with parental consent alone, rather than requiring that a young person first consult with an attorney.
The proposal would allow law enforcement to skirt the Child in Need of Supervision process, which provides a pathway for police or citizens to enlist help from the Department of Juvenile Services in connecting youth of any age with services.
Del. Jesse Pippy, R-Frederick, said current law, including the CINS process, has neither held “offenders that happen to be juveniles” accountable nor connected them with services.
“The argument we’re hearing from on the street is (that) law enforcement doesn’t know what to do with these kids,” Pippy said. “So they’re not going anywhere. They’re not getting any services. No one’s talking with them. No one’s following up with them.”
DJS data shows that most CINS cases end in referrals to services rather than in court, but also that law enforcement are using the process infrequently in much of the state.
Though Pippy said he’s open to programs to educate police officers on the CINS process, which dates to 1969 in Maryland law, he and others said that CINS is not sufficient.
Buckel said youth involved in escalating and violent crimes “need more than what the…Child In Need of Supervision system can provide.”
Pointing to closures of DJS residential facilities in western Maryland, Buckel suggested committed placement in DJS residential facilities could give youth “opportunities to succeed.”
“They’re not draconian prisons,” he said. “They’re getting classes. They’re getting education.”
But advocates of youth legal reform have pointed to research showing that youth incarceration increases the likelihood of recidivism and called for long-term investment in resource-starved communities.
“Keep kids out by strengthening local communities, finding out which neighborhoods are the most blighted, have the least resources, (are) the most impoverished,” said Nick Moroney, director of the Juvenile Justice Monitoring Unit in the state Office of the Attorney General, during the House Judiciary Committee’s hearing on youth justice last week.
Senate Minority Whip Justin Ready, R-Frederick and Carroll, stressed a need for balance in comments after the press conference, saying, “I think we need to provide more accountability and more services that are truly effective.”